|Plumbing dates back to ancient civilizations such as the Greeks and Romans.
||The word "plumbing" comes from the Latin word "plumbum," which means "lead."
||Homes built before the 1960s may have plumbing systems made of lead.
|PVC (polyvinyl chloride) pipes were first introduced in the 1950s.
||Copper pipes have been used for plumbing since the 1930s.
||Galvanized steel pipes were commonly used in homes built before the 1960s.
|PEX (cross-linked polyethylene) pipes have become increasingly popular in recent years.
||Plumbing codes and regulations vary by state and municipality.
||Plumbers are required to obtain a license to work in most states.
|The first indoor plumbing system in the United States was installed in the White House in 1825.
||The first flush toilet was invented in 1596 by Sir John Harrington.
||The average person uses about 80-100 gallons of water per day.
|A dripping faucet can waste up to 3,000 gallons of water per year.
||Low-flow toilets can save up to 18,000 gallons of water per year.
||Water heaters can last up to 15 years with proper maintenance.
|Tankless water heaters can last up to 20 years with proper maintenance.
||Water pressure should be between 40 and 80 psi for optimal performance.
||Hard water can cause mineral buildup in pipes and fixtures.
|Water softeners can help prevent mineral buildup.
||Drain cleaning chemicals can damage pipes and should be used sparingly.
||Tree roots can invade and damage underground pipes.
|A water leak can waste up to 10,000 gallons of water per year.
||Sewer line backups can cause serious health hazards.
||Sewer line backups can be caused by flushing non-degradable items down the toilet.
|Toilets can leak silently, wasting water and money.
||Plumbing systems should be inspected every year for leaks and other problems.
||Water hammer can occur when a valve is suddenly closed, causing a loud banging noise.
|A sump pump can help prevent flooding in a basement or crawlspace.
||A gas leak can be dangerous and should be addressed immediately.
||A plumbing emergency can happen at any time, so it's important to have a plan in place.
|Old pipes can become corroded and leaky over time.
||Piping materials can affect water taste and odor.
||Plastic pipes are less likely to freeze than metal pipes.
|A toilet that keeps running can waste up to 200 gallons of water per day.
||Septic systems should be pumped every 3-5 years to prevent backups and odors.
||A leaking showerhead can waste up to 500 gallons of water per year.
|Pressure reducing valves can help regulate water pressure and prevent damage to pipes and fixtures.
||Water filters can improve water quality by removing impurities.
||Plumbers use specialized tools such as pipe cutters, augers, and wrenches.
|Water supply lines should be insulated to prevent freezing in cold weather.
||A burst pipe can cause thousands of dollars in damage to a home.
||A clogged drain can often be cleared with a plunger or drain snake.
|Plumbing vents help prevent sewer gas from entering a home.
||Soldering is a common method of joining copper pipes.
||Homes built on a concrete slab may have pipes embedded in the concrete.
|Plumbing systems can be designed to be energy-efficient.
||Water conservation can help reduce water bills and protect the environment.
||Plumbing problems can be caused by age, wear and tear, and poor installation.
|Properly disposing of grease and oil can help prevent clogs in kitchen drains.
||Plumbing emergencies can be avoided by taking preventative measures, such as regular maintenance and inspections.